Sources - Henry Newburgh (died 1275)

Here is a list of medieval references for Henry Newburgh, who died in 1275. He inherited lands in Dorset on the death of his father Robert death in 1249, although part of the land was reserved as dower for his mother, Lucy, who was still alive at his death. The name of Henry's wife is not given in any of the references here; from other sources (e.g. Hutchins), his wife was called Matilda, but nothing else is known. Henry was succeeded by his son John.

The references are given in date order. Actual quotes are in italics.

 

# Document Date Text Notes
  Fine Rolls [h]
30 Henry III/458 & 467 & 582
5 Jun
1246

&

10 Jun
1246

&

20 Aug
1246
Concerning lands to be taken into the king’s hand. It is written in the same manner to the sheirff of Somerset, concerning taking the lands formerly of Robert of Newburgh into the king’s hand.

And

For the executors of the testament of Robert of Newburgh. Order to the sheriff of Somerset and Dorset to permit the executors of the testament of Robert of Newburgh to have free administration of all his former goods and chattels in his bailiwick towards making execution of his testament, having accepted security from them that they will satisfy the king for the debts which he owed him.

And

For Henry of Newburgh. The king has taken the homage of Henry, son and heir of Robert of Newburgh, for all the lands and tenements which Robert held of the king in chief. Order to Henry of Wingham and his co-escheators in Somerset and Dorset that, having accepted security from Henry for rendering £50 to the king for his relief, they are to cause him to have full seisin of all the lands and tenements of which Robert was seised as of fee on the day he died and which fall to Henry by hereditary right in the aforesaid counties.
Action taken on the death of Robert Newburgh, first to take his property into the king's hands, then to give administration to executors, and finally (after receiving homage) passing the property to Robert's son and heir, Henry.

See also the following entry.
  Inquisitions post mortem [i]
Vol 1 page 18
1246 Robert de Novo Burgo.
His heir [unspecified] will be 23 at the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin.
Somerset. Sureveton 
[Shurton] manor. Hurdecote [Hurcot] manor.
Dorset. Winfrot alias Winfrod
[Winfrith] manor. Almere [Almer] manor, and it renders 60s. to the abbess of St. Edward. Tenures unspecified.
List of Robert Newburgh's properties, and information on his heir. See also the previous entry.
  Close Rolls [f]
1242-47 page 452
1246 For Henry de Novo Burgo - Since Henry, the son and heir of Robert de Novo Burgo has made fealty to the king for the manor of Aimer that the said Henry should hold of the Abbess of Shaftesbury, the keeper of the Abbey is commanded that the said Henry should have full seisin of the said manor and appurtenances.  
  Testa de Nevill [d] 1250 Henry Newburgh has serjeanty in Winfrith, for which he must provide water into the hands of the king at his birthday, Easter and Pentecost, with bowls and napkins, unless the Duke of Oxford is present otherwise partly by other services 'Serjeanty' here effectively means 'land for some service'.
The Latin word translated here as birthday is natale, which could also refer to the Christmas; other references seem to make this clearer.
The part about the Duke of Oxford is not clear - possibly the Duke of Oxford had some overlapping responsibility, in which case the Newburghs would be found something else to do.
  Inquisitions post mortem [i]
Vol 1 page 309
u/d [An undated entry for William de Welle [?Wooll], who holds one knight's fee at Swanewiz [Swanage] of Henry de Novo Burgo, who holds it of the king in chief] Some time between 1249 and 1272
  Patent Rolls [g]
1247-58 page 177
10 Feb 1253 Protection with clause until Michaelmas for Henry de Novo Burgo going on pilgrimage to Santiago.  
  Fine Rolls [h]
40 Henry III/1025
1 Sep
1256
Henry de Novo Burgo has made fine with the king by one mark of gold for respite from his knighthood where he will pay one moiety into the king’s Wardrobe in the vigil of the Epiphany of the Lord in the forty-first year and the other moiety in the octaves of the Close of Easter next following. Order to the sheriff of Somerset etc. he paid one moiety for the first term to Arcald etc. and the other moiety to P. de Rivall’ and is quit. Payment for relief from military duty
  Close Rolls [f]
1256-59 page 140
1257 [Entry concerning a military expedition to Wales. A list of people including Henry de Novo Burgo are commanded to muster at Bristol]  
  Close Rolls [f]
1256-59 page 295
1258 [Order to a number of people, including Nicholas de Poyntz and Henry de Novo Burgo, to gather with horses and arms at Chester, on the Monday before the feast of St John the Baptist, for a military expedition against Llewelyn son of Griffith]  
  Close Rolls [f]
1256-59 page 368
1259 [Entry, to be translated, concerning a plea by the Abboot of Bindon Abbey concerning three carucates of land at 'Wymcroft', which Henry de Novo Burgo had given them six years previously]  
  Feet of Fines [j]

Volume 5, Page 120, Entry 312
1259/60 At Westminster, fifteen days after the day of St Hillary, between Matilda, Abbess "de loco Regine super Tharente", complainant, by William Bizun in her place, and Henry de Novo Burgo, for this, namely that Henry should acquit her of the service which the Abbess of St Edward of Schefton demands from her in respect of the free tenement which Matilda holds of Henry in Gyssich St Andrew, namely the homage and whole service of Roger de Pulbyk and his heirs for all the tenements which he holds in the said vill and in Burton, and whereof Matilda complained that by Henry's default she was distrained to do to the Abbess of St Edward the service of two knights, except such service as belongs to one hide of land in the will of Gyssich for the tenement aforesaid, and whereof Henry who is in mesne between them ought to acquit her. Henry acknowledged the homage and whole service of Roger and his heirs for the tenement aforesaid to be the right of Matilda and her church "de loco Regine" as by his gift. To have and to hold to the Abbess "de loco Regine" and other Abbesses who should succeed her, and her church, of Henry and his heirs, in pure and perpetual alms, free and quit from all secular service, suits of Court, custom and demand, for ever. And Henry and his heirs will warrant to the Abbess "de loco Regine" and her successors and her church, the said homage and whole service of Roger and his heirs for the tenements aforesaid as free and perpetual alms against all me for ever. Moreover Henry acknowledged and granted for himself and his heirs that henceforth he will not give sell pledge nor in any other manner alien his manor of Wynfrode which he held on the day this concord was made, by doing which he and his heirs and all other who hereafter shall hold the said manor would not be able to warrant and defned to the Abbess "de loco Regine" and her successors and her church the homage and service of Roger and his heirs and all the tenements which Roger held of the said Abbess in the vills aforesaid on the day aforesaid. And the Abbess "de loco Regine" received Henry and his heirs into all benefits and orisons which henceforth should be done in her church for ever.  
  Close Rolls [f]
1259-61 page 253
1260 [Command to Henry le Bygod, justice of England, to carry out an inquisition ad quod damnum to investigate the land holdings of Henry de Novo Burgo and of the abbot and convent of Bindon, and establish if a proposed exchange of lands in Bexington, Pulham and Winfrith would cause damage to the king]  
  Close Rolls [f]
1259-61 page 192
1 Aug 1260 [Order to 84 people including Nicholas Poynz and Henry de Novo Burgo to muster at Shrewsbury on the feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary, for an expedition against Llewelyn ap Griffith]  
  Close Rolls [f]
1259-61 page 497
18 Oct 1261 [Summons to 108 people including Nicholas Poynz and Henry de Novo Burgo to muster at London on the day after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude]  
  Fine Rolls [h]
46 Henry III/258
20 Mar
1262
Concerning the fine of the abbot of Bindon for a confirmation. The abbot of Bindon has made fine with the king by 40 m., of which he is to pay 20 m. in the king’s Wardrobe in the quindene of Easter next to come and 20 m. in the quindene of Michaelmas next following, for having confirmation of the lands of Henry of Newburgh and his ancestors that he has of their gift. Confirmation by the King (for a fee) of the gift of land by Henry de Newburgh to Bindon Abbey. See the earlier reference to Bindon Abbey.
  Close Rolls [f]
1261-64 page 303
25 Mar 1263 [Summons to 129 people including Nicholas Poynz and Henry de Novo Burgo to muster at Worcester on the feast of St Paul ad Vincula, for an expedition against Llewelyn ap Griffith]  
  Close Rolls [f]
1261-64 page 377
  [Summons to 118 people including Nicholas Poynz and Henry de Novo Burgo to muster at Oxford on the middle day of Lent, for an expedition against Llewelyn ap Griffith]  
  Patent Rolls [g]
1266-72 page 5
10 Nov 1266 Simple protection for one year for Henry de Novo Burgo.  
  Patent Rolls [g]
1266-72 page 298
20 Nov 1268 The following have like letters [pardon of all trespasses and excesses which he did by occasion of the non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford whereby the said disturbance lately occurred, up to 10 March, 52 Henry III; and remission to him of all rancour and hatred conceived towards him by the king on that account, with promise to keep him harmless, so far as in the king lies, against any wish to complain against him touching the said trespass; on condition of his future good behaviour]: Henry de Novo Burgo, Richard Peytevin and Adam Scalye, by like testimony [testimony of Roger de Clifford].  
  Patent Rolls [g]
1266-72 page 298
20 Nov 1269 Licence for Manser, son and heir of Aaron, Jew of London, to sell to William le Moyne that debt wherein Robert de Novo Burgo and Henry his son are bound to the said Manser; pursuant to the provision lately made in the king's presence, by the counsel of Edward the king's son and other magnates and lieges that no Jew may sell to any one any debt due to him by a Christian without the king's special licence, and if any Christian buy such debt with the king's licence, he shall have nothing more thereof than the king would have if the debt were in his hand, to wit the chattel found in the deed made thereof, without usury.
Mandate to the justices appointed for the keeping of the Jews to cause this to be done and enrolled.
 
  Fine Rolls [h]
55 Henry III/258

&

Patent Rolls [g]
1266-72 page 515
4 Feb
1271
Concerning homage and relief. The king has taken the homage of William le Moyne for the manor of Wynfrod with appurtenances in Dorset, of which he was enfeoffed by Henry de Novo Burgo, holding of the king and his heirs forever by the service therefor owed and accustomed.

and

Notification that on Thursday after the Purification the king took the homage of William le Moyne for the manor of Wynford co. Dorset, which Henry de Novo Burgo held in chief, and gave to the said William and his heirs, by deed.
Henry Newburgh installs a sub-tenant, William le Moyne, at Winfrith.
  Feet of Fines [j]

Volume 5, Page 142, Entry 370
1271/2 At Westminster, fifteen days after Easter Day, between William le Moyne, complainant and Henry de Novo Burgo, deforciant, of one messuage and one carucate of land in Winfrod. Plea of covenant was summoned between them. Henry acknowledged the messuage and land as in demesnes, homages, services of free men, villeinages, advowsons of the church of the said vill and of the Abbey of Bylendon, Knights' fees, hundreds, wards, reliefs, escheats, woods, meadows, pastures, waters, ponds, mills, fisheries, turbaries, heaths and all other things to the said tenement belonging, to be the right of William, as by the gift of Henry. Moreover Henry granted for himself and his heirs that the whole of that tenement which William Everard held for term of the life of Joan who was the wife of William Belet, and likewise the whole of that tenement which Joan de Cantilupo, Agnes de Glovernia and Nicholas son of the said Agnes held for terms of their lives of the inheritance of the said Henry in the vill aforesaid on the day this concord was made, and which tenements after the decease of the said Joan Belet, Joan de Cantilupo, Agnes and Nicholas ought to revert to the said Henry and his heirs, should after the deaths wholly remain to the said William le Moyne and his heirs, to hold together with the aforesaid messuages and land which remain to them by this fine, as is aforesaid, of the King and his heirs by the services which to that tenement belong for ever. For this, William le Moyne gave to Henry one hundred marcs of silver, and granted to him one messuage and two carucates of land in Schypton in the county of Gloucester, except homages and services of free men and advowson of the church of that vill, which are appurtenances of the said land, and which to William le Moyne and his heirs remain by this fine for ever. To have and to hold to Henry during his life to William le Moyne and his heirs, rendering therefor yearly one penny at Michaelmas for all service, suit of Court, custom and demand. And William le Moyne and his heirs will warrant to Henry the said messuage and land in Shypton by the said service against all men during the life of Henry. After his death they wholly will revert to William le Moyne and his heirs quit of the heirs of Henry. To hold of the King and his heirs by the services which thereto belong for ever. And be it known that it shall not be lawful for Henry during his life to give, sell, pledge or in any other way alien the said messuage and land in Shypton, or make waste or destruction of the vileinages, woods and gardens which to that messuage and land do pertain, by doing which the messuage and land in Shypton would not wholly revert to William le Moyne and his heirs quit. To hold as is aforesaid for ever. And this concord was made by the assent and wish of the King he agreeing thereto, and likewise in the presence of William Everard, Joan de Cantilupo, Agnes and Nicholas, they acknowledging no right for themselves to claim anything in the said tenements which they hold unless for the term aforesaid, as is aforesaid.
Endorsed. Alienora, Queen of England put in her claim. Roger, Abbott of Bylenden, put in his claim.
 
  Patent Rolls [g]
1266-72 page 673
18 Aug 1272 Whereas Henry de Novo Burgo, sometime patron and advowee [advocatus] of the abbey of Bynedon, by charter, which the king has inspected, granted licence for the abbot and monks to elect any other they would to be patron and they have elected the king; the king, accepting that election, has taken the said abbey, its men, lands and possessions, under his special protection.  
  Inquisitions post mortem [i]
Vol 2 pages 1, 31 & 206
1272/3 & 1280 [Two entries deal with the manor of Swere [Swyre], noted as worth 100s. The occupant, John de la Lynde, had died. Above him was a tree (if not a forest) of tenants and sub-tenants: Lady Helewise de Novo Villa [Nevill]; William of Monte Acuto [Montacute], Henry de Novo Burgo [Newburgh], and lastly the heir of William Belet, who holds it of the King for ½ a knight's fee.
The second entry describes an enquiry into whether someone called John de Turri had also been part of that tree of tenancies.
The last entry, dated February 1280, on the death of John de la Tur, who held 6 virgates of land at Berewik [Berwick Manor, just north of Swyre] from Walter de la Lynde (son of John).
This tree of 6 sub-tenancies (not counting the King at the top of the tree) for a parcel of land was not uncommon in Middle Ages England. Keeping track of who had what land, and from whom, was clearly a complex legal issue.
  Inquisitions post mortem [i]
Calendarium Vol 1
1275/6 Henry de Novo Burgo.
Dorsete. Swere manor.
Death of Henry Newburgh
  Feet of Fines [j]

Volume 5, Page 243, Entry 48
1275/6 At Westminster, in the octaves of St Michael, between Alyenora, Queen of England, consort of the King, querent, by Walter de Kancia in her place, and Henry de Novo Burgo, deforciant, of the manor of Herdecote and six knights' fees and three parts of a knight's fee in Meleburne Bubb, Swanewyke, Wrokeshale, Athelardeston, Wyndelham and Esse. Plea of covenant was summoned. Henry acknowledged the fees to be the right of the Queen, as by his gift. To have and to hold to the Queen and her heirs, of the King and his heirs, by the services which belong to the tenement, for ever. Moreover, Henry granted for himself and his heirs that the said manor which Lucia who was the wife of Robert de Novo Burgo held in dower of him of his inheritance on the day this concord was made, and which after her decease ought to revert to him and his heirs, should then wholly remain to the Queen and her heirs. To hold together with the fees, of the King and his heirs by the services aforesaid, for ever. For this the Queen gave to Henry two hundred pounds sterling. This concord was made, Lucia being present who acknowledged she had no right in the manor except in name of dower.
Endorsed. John de Novo Burgo put in his claim.
 
  Patent Rolls [g]
1272-81 page 275
29 Jul 1278 Appointment of Henry de Novo Burgo to the custody, as he is enjoined, of the castle and honor of Arundel, which are of the inheritance of Richard son of Alan, a minor.

Writ of de intendendo for him directed to the tenants.
Mandate to the sheriff of Essex [sic] to deliver the same to him, and the said Henry is to answer for the issues to Amisius de Sabaudia, as he is enjoined, according to the tenor of letters patent to the latter.
This appears to appoint Henry as warden of Arundel castle, although he had died two or three years earlier. The next entry corrects things.

"Richard son of Alan" should be read as Richard FitzAlan, the 8th Earl of Arundel, who succeded his father John in 1272, at the age of 6
  Fine Rolls [h]
Vol 1 page 19
25 Mar
1279
Commitment during pleasure to Emery de Chauceus of the castle and wood of Arundel, so that he answer for the issues thereof from the death of Henry de Neuburg, who kept the same of the king’s commitment.

[An almost identical entry in Patent Rolls [g] 1272-81 page 306
 
  Inquisitions post mortem [i]
Vol 2 page 168
Mar 1279 An entry for William Everard, who holds the manor of Frome [probably Frome Belet near West Stafford, which had a church until about 1430], plus the advowson of the church "held of the king in chief for ½ knight's fee, of the purchase of the queen consort from Henry de Novoburgo"  
  Patent Rolls [g]
1272-81 page 337
17 Nov 1279 Inspeximus of letters patent dated at Westminster, 18 August, 56 Henry III, accepting the election of himself and Eleanor his consort, and his successors as patrons of Bynedon abbey, which the abbot and monks offered to him in pursuance of a charter of Henry de Novo Burgo, their patron, giving them power to elect another patron. The king accepting the said patronage has taken them under his protection accordingly. [Monasticon: vol v, p658]  
  Close Rolls [f]
1279-88 page 81
2 Apr
1281
The queen purchased an estate and fourteen knights' fees from Henry de Neuburg for 200 marks, worth yearly £25. See also an Inquisition Post Mortem dated 1279 for William Everard.
  Kirby's Quest [e] 1284 Dorset. Hundreds of Haselore and Ryssemore. The earl of Gloucester is lord of the hundred of Haselore and ... the same earl and his predecessors had seisin from the time that he purchased two parts of the said hundred from Henry de Novo Burgo, and Henry and his predecessors had seisin since time immemorial. Hundred of Wynfrod, of John de Neuburg. John de Novo Burgo holds the town of Winfrod in chief of the lord king, for the serjeanty of giving water for the hands of the lord king on the king's birthday, and providing silver basins with which to give the water.  The abbot of Bynedon claims all liberties within the liberty of John de Novo Burgo , through charter of the present king, which liberties John formerly used, namely in the lands of Chalvedon and Chalvedon (sic), Lulleworth, Brune, Yate, Wodesterte, Welle, Knysteton, Buryton, Wynfrod and Gaulton. Hundred of Efergone, which is a mesne hundred of the lord king. The town of PORSTOKE is a mesne manor of the lord king, which Robert de Novo Burgo previously held in the fee of Roger de Arundel. Later, king John makes exchange with the foresaid Robert de Novo Burgo , giving Robert the hamlet called Herdecote in the manor of Somerton, co. Somerset, for the manor of Porstoke.
Somerset. Wyleton Hundred. Nicholas le Waleys holds the town of Hywys Chamflur, of the barony of Henry de Neuwburgh, that now the queen holds [sic] from the lord king. Robert de Eadington holds Eadington, of the barony of Henry de Neuburgh, in chief of the lord king. Andredesfeld Hundred. Peter de Halswille holds the town of Halswille of the prior of Taunton, and the said prior of the heir of Henry de Novo Burgo, and the said heir of the lord king, ... and it is for a quarter part of one knight's fee.
The entry for the Hundred of Hasilor is interesting. This Hundred consists of lands just to the east of Winfrith and Lulworth. This entry says that the Newburghs have owned Hasilor "since time immemorial", which generally means since the Domesday Book of 1086. The Domesday Book has parts of Steeple and Church Knowle owned by Roger de Beaumont; Roger was a Norman earl, father to two English earls, the younger of whom was Henry de Beaumont de Neubourg, earl of Warwick, named after Neubourg near Rouen. This makes a strong link between the Newburghs of Dorset and the Beaumonts of Normandy; it does not prove a blood link.
  Close Rolls [f]
1288-96 page 5
12 Feb
1289
To the same [i.e. the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer]. Order to cause William le Moygne to be acquitted of the relief that they exact from him by reason of the homage that he did to the late king for a tenement in Wunfrot, as the king sends them the record and process of an assize of novel disseisin that John de Novo Burgo arrained before Henry de Monte Forti and Henry de Wollavinton, then justices appointed for this purpose, against Henry de Novo Burgo and the said William concerning the said tenement, in which assize a judgment was rendered in the king's court before Martin de Littlebur[y], which judgment was afterwards revoked because John recovered his seisin of the tenement against Henry and William by consideration of the said court, and the homage that William had done to the late king and the fine made in his court in this behalf were annulled, as will appear to the treasurer and barons by the record aforesaid. I do not know who this Henry Newburgh was
  Inquisitions post mortem [i]
Vol 3 page 96
1292/3 Nicholas le Walleys
[Entry includes the following:]
Somerset. Hiwysh Champflur [Huish Champflower]. The said Margery [Nicholas's wife] was enfeoffed jointly, as above, of the manor with the advowson of the church. The aforesaid tenements in Hywysh Chaumflour and Athelardeston [Atherstone, near White Lackington] are held of the king by reason of a feoffment made by Henry de Novo Burgo to Eleanor sometime queen of England, concerning certain lands of his, and not otherwise.
 
  Book of Aids [e] 1303 Somerset. Hundredum of Kinemerdeston. Henry de Niweburi holds a quarter of a fee in Lokyngton, of John de Columbaris.
Dorset. Wonfred. John de Novo Burgo holds two parts of a fee in Est Loleworth [Lokesworth] of John de Roches. Wonfred. John Huse holds a sixth part of a fee in Morton and Hemelesworth of the heir of John de Burg. Walter de Hokle and his companions hold an eighth part of a fee in Gaulwelton of John de Novo Burgo. Ekerdon. Mary, daughter of the lord, holds Porstoke for one fee of John de Novo Burgo.
 
  Inquisitions post mortem [i]
Vol 7 page 361
Oct 1333 John le Walisshe of Podington [Putton, near Chickerell]
[Entry including the following]
Somerset. Adelarston [Atherstone, near White Lackington]. 53s. 8d. yearly rent from a free tenant, held of the king in chief by service of a quarter of a knight's fee, by reason of a certain feoffment of Henry de Novo Burgo which he made to Lady Eleanor sometime queen of England in fee. Hiwissch Caumpflour [Huish Champflower] and Holeford St. Mary's [Holford]. A capital messuage, lands, rent, &c. (extent given), held of Robert de Novo Burgo by service of a moiety of a knight's fee.
 
  Patent Rolls [g]
1340-43 page 419
26 Apr 1342 [Exemplification of an old official record dated 8 Edw I (1279/80) of lands then held in Dorset by the earl of Gloucester and Hereford. Among other lands, the earl claimed part of the hundred of Haselore, acquired by the earl’s father from Henry de Novo Burgo, tenant in chief of that land]  
  Book of Aids [e] 1346 Somerset. Hundred of Kynemerson. From John de Newbury for a quarter of a fee in Lokyngton, that Henry de Newbury formerly held; 10 shillings.
Dorset. Hundred of Wynfred. From John de Novo Burgo for two parts of a fee in Est Lolleworth, that John de Novo Burgo
[sic - should be Henry] formerly held; 26s. 8d.